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May 14, 2008

MacOS (OSX & Above) Keyboard Shortkey (Shortcuts)

Want To Safe Your Time With Shortcuts?
Read This - MacOS (OSX & Above) Keyboard Shortkey

Always visiting the menu bar with your mouse when you want to apply a common function? Isn't it wasting a lot of your time? Well, for many common tasks you don’t need to. You can use Keyboard Shortcuts. Keyboard shortcuts use the modifier keys (the 3 to the left of the spacebar, shift, Fkeys and sometimes the Caps Lock) in conjunction with intuitive letter keys. You hold down the modifier key(s) and then type the letter. You don't hit them all at the same time. For instance, to save in almost every program all you need to do is hold down the command key (the key on either side of the spacebar, the one with the Apple on it) and type S (cmd+S). Here are the list of the MacOS Keybord Shortkey :

Four Most Common Modifier
  • cmd - the command key, the one right next to the spacebar. There is one on each side of the spacebar and they both act identically.
  • opt - the option key, well labeled
  • ctrl - the control key, well labeled
  • shft - the shift key, well labeled
They must be used from the Finder, not from an application.
  • cmd+N - Create a new folder
  • cmd+Down Arrow - Open a File or Folder
  • cmd+O (letter) or cmd+Down Arrow - Open a highlighted icon
  • Tab - Select the next alphabetical icon
  • shft+Tab - Select the previous alphabetical icon
  • Left Arrow (in icon view only)Select an icon to the left
  • Right Arrow (In icon view only) - Select an icon to the right
  • Up Arrow - Select an icon (or file) above
  • Down Arrow - Select an icon (or file) below
  • cmd+D - Duplicate a selected item
  • opt+Up Arrow - Open parent window
  • cmd+W - Close the Active Window
  • opt+click on folder triangle (list view) - Expand Folder and all contained within it
  • opt+click on folder triangle (list view) - Collapse Folder and all contained within it
  • cmd+opt+W - Close all open windows -(or opt+Close from the File menu or opt+clicking any window's close box)
  • cmd+dragging window's title bar - Move Inactive Window
  • cmd+I - Get Info
  • cmd+del - Move selection to the trash
  • cmd+opt while inserting disk - Rebuild Floppy Disk Desktop
  • cmd+opt+Tab while inserting disk - Erase Floppy Disk
  • opt+drag - will make a copy of the item instead of just moving it. The original will stay where it was and you will have two identical items
The Most Common Shortkey - To Virtually All MacOS Programs
  • cmd+A - Select All items or text in active window
  • cmd+C - Copy the current selection to the clipboard
  • cmd+O - Open a file
  • cmd+P - Print the active window
  • cmd+Q - Quit the active application
  • cmd+S - Save the current file or document
  • cmd+V - Paste clipboard contents at current cursor position
  • cmd+W - Close active window
  • cmd+X - Cut the current selection, delete it from current window and put it on the clipboard
  • cmd+Z - Undo the last action
Each application has many of it's own shortcuts. You will find many of them in the menus in the menu bar, more can usually be found in the help files. Here is the edit menu from the Finder. You can see the Keyboard shortcuts following the commands.

Booting Up Shortkey - Control Your Machine While Booting Up:
  • shft - allows you to start up your Mac without extensions.
  • C - allows you to force your Mac to boot from an internal CD-ROM drive.
  • cmd+opt - tells the Mac to rebuild the hidden Desktop file. This should be done periodically for good preventative maintenance.
  • cmd+opt+shft+delete - tells the Mac to skip the first device in the SCSI chain. This comes in handy when you want to force your Mac to boot from an external drive.
  • cmd+opt+P+R - clears the parameter RAM. One of those things to do when things aren't right and you can't think of anything else to try. This clears things like date and time, location, etc.
  • Spacebar - opens the Extensions Manager when starting up.
  • Mouse Button - will force eject a floppy while booting up.
  • opt (OS9&10) - will give a choice of which drive or volume to boot from
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